With the major buzz happening all over the Dakota Access Pipeline, more protests are happening than ever before. As the conflict continues to grab national attention, so it the new wave of supporters and critics.
Here are five things you should know about the Dakota pipeline controversy.
What’s Really Happening In North Dakota
As the situation is getting worse, more protesters are staying at large camps in attempts to thwart the pipeline construction. Protestors claim that the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe was not consulted properly about the project as the pipelines might destroy sacred sites and affect Lake Oahe.
It was said that the police has had to use physical methods to control the crowd as many on the front lines are fighting against the standoff. One protester has even fired a gun with charges of attempted murder.
Where is the Pipeline Exactly?
The pipeline route crosses North Dakota, South Dakota, Illinois, and Iowa – most of it being on private land. There are also federal areas that include the water crossings. In short, the route does not cross the Standing Rock Indian Reservation.
However, the private land that makes up the pipeline corridor is part of the tribe’s ancestral homeland. This property was promised to the Sioux people in 1851 and was later taken for private use.
So, Was the Tribe Consulted Beforehand?
The federal government was supposed to consult the tribes on anything that may affect their land. However, there was no all-inclusive permit for most oil pipelines as there are several approvals for general permitting of water crossing.
After the scope was finalized, the Sioux tribe protested by not participated in any public process or consultation efforts.
What is Happening Within the Court?
The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe has sued the Army Corps over the permitting issue as another tribe; the Cheyenne River Sioux also joined the case. The Yankton Sioux Tribe filed another case to follow.
The tribes challenged the federal court decisions as the cases are still in review. However, there has been a decline to freeze the construction.
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